The Battle of Fallen Timbers, August 20, 1794, has been called the “last battle of the American Revolution” and one of the three most important battles in the development of our nation. ( The victory at Yorktown achieved the country’s independence from Britain, General Wayne’s victory at Fallen Timbers demonstrated the federal power of the new nation, and the Union’s win at Gettysburg established that the states would remain united ) The decisive victory by Anthony Wayne’s Legion of the United States over a confederacy of Native American tribes and a company of British-Canadiens led to the August 1795 Greeneville Treaty with the native Western Confederacy that opened all of Ohio and much of Indiana to American settlement. A few months later the British government, under the terms of The Jay Treaty, agreed to evacuate all eight of its forts on American territory. (Including Ft. Miamis, Detroit, Mackinac, and Ontario) In less than a decade there were more than 40,000 settlers in Ohio which led to statehood in 1803. As four additional states of the “Old Northwest” were added and the frontier retreated farther west, it became increasingly clear Anthony Wayne’s victory at Fallen Timbers represented a turning point in American history.

“Get in Touch” with us if you have a favorite book from the A.W. era that we could add to this list.
Gaff, Alan D. Bayonets in the Wilderness: Anthony Wayne’s Legion in the Old Northwest. Norman. University of Oklahoma Press. 2004.
Hogeland, William. Autumn of the Black Snake: The Creation of the U.S. Army and the Invasion That Opened the West. New York. Farrar, Straus and Girux. 2017.
McCulloch, David. 1776. New York. Simon & Schuster. 2005.
McCullough, David. The Pioneers: The Heroic Story of the Settlers Who Brought the American Ideal West. New York. Simon & Schuster. 2019.
Millett, Alan R., and Maslowski, Peter. For the Common Defense: A Military History of the United States. New York. Macmillan, Inc. 1984.
Nelson, Paul David. Anthony Wayne, Soldier of the Early Republic. Bloomington. Indiana University Press. 1985.
O’Donnell, Patrick K. Washington’s Immortals: The Untold Story of an Elite Regiment-Who Changed the Course of the Revolution. New York. Atlantic Monthly Press. 2016.
Palmer, Dave R. 1794: America, Its Army, and the Birth of the Nation. Novato. Presidio Press. 1994.
Randall, Willard Sterne. Benedict Arnold: Patriot and Traitor. New York. William Morrow and Company, Inc. 1990.
Saunt, Claudio. West of the Revolution: An Uncommon History of 1776. New York. 2014.
Scheer, George F., and Rankin, Hugh F. Rebels & Redcoats: The American Revolution Through the Eyes of Those Who Fought and Lived It. New York. The World Publishing Company. 1957.
Stille, Charles J. Major General Anthony Wayne and The Pennsylvania Line in the Continental Army. Philadelphia. J.B. Lippincott Company. 1893.
Sword, Wiley. President Washington’s Indian War: The Struggle for the Old Northwest, 1790-1795. Norman. University of Oklahoma Press. 1985.
Tuchman, Barbara W. The First Salute: A View of the American Revolution. New York. Ballantine Books. 1988.

Anthony Wayne Alumni Association